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Foreign Relations of the State of Kuwait
Foreign Policy  
Kuwait’s Foreign Policy is governed by its belief in mutual respect, equality and non-interference in internal
affairs of other nations. Kuwait is a strong advocate of resolving international disputes amicably by peaceful
means and in compliance of principles enshrined in international treaties and laws.
Its policy is characterised by transparency, clarity and quiet diplomacy. It strongly believes in maintaining
Kuwait’s independence and sovereignty of its lands, wealth and its people and accords the same respect to
other sovereign nations.

It seeks international cooperation and mutual respect. It advocates a new world order based in international
law; a world which rejects aggression and terrorism and respects human rights.

To foster and cement international relations Kuwait maintains embassies and consulates around the world
which function under the guidance of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Since the Liberation of Kuwait, efforts have been made to secure allies throughout the world, particularly
United Nations Security Council members.

Kuwait is a member of the UN and some of its specialized and related agencies, some of them are stated
below:

  1. World Bank (IBRD)
  2. International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  3. World Trade Organization (WTO)
  4. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
  5. African Development Bank (AFDB)
  6. Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development (AFESD)
  7. Arab League
  8. Arab Monetary Fund (AMF)
  9. Council of Arab Economic Unity (CAEU)
  10. Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)
  11. Group of 77 (G-77)
  12. Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)
  13. INMARSAT
  14. International Development Association (IDA)
  15. International Finance Corporation
  16. International Fund for Agricultural Development
  17. International Labour Organization (ILO)
  18. International Marine Organization
  19. Interpol
  20. IOC
  21. Islamic Development Bank (IDB)
  22. League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (LORCS)
  23. Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
  24. Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC)
  25. Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC)
  26. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
  27. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

United Nation  

As a member nation of the United Nations (UN), Kuwait is a strong supporter of the role of the UN in
preserving international peace and security. Kuwait firmly believes in international cooperation to fight all
forms of terror and coercion that threaten individuals and nations. It supports every country’s right to
defend itself and to restore sovereign rights as enshrined in the United Nations charter.

The United Nations intervention during the Gulf War of 1990-91, besides support from member nations,
helped Kuwait regain its independence and honour. On March 2, 1991, the Security Council asked Iraq to
revoke the annexation of Kuwait, on April 3, the Security Council voted a permanent cease-fire in the Gulf,
the inviolability of the borders, payment of war damages and destruction of weapons. On April 5, the
Security Council declared that Kuwait had regained its independence. The UN took prompt and decisive
action by issuing 10 resolutions against the Baghdad government justifying the faith that Kuwait and
member states have in the United Nations.


Arab League

Kuwait became a member of the 21-country Arab League in 1961 soon after it attained independence.
These are the member states: Africa: Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Sudan, Djibouti,
Somalia and Comoros. Asia: Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, Jordan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar,
United Arab Emirates, Oman and Yemen.

As a proactive member of the League, Kuwait has been a major contributor and initiator in all League
programmes and agendas. The League promotes politics, economy, culture and social safety in the Arab
world.


The Gulf Cooperation Council  "GCC "

At the Gulf level, in its role as a member of the Gulf states, Kuwait with other Arabian Gulf countries formed
the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in 1981. The Council epitomises the spirit of brotherhood and
cooperation that exists among the Arab states.

The aim is to intensify efforts and to broaden cooperation among its members in every field in the interest
of the Arab nation as a whole. The GCC operates within the general framework of the Arab League and it
continues, complements and completes the agenda of the Arab League. Kuwait and the rest of the GCC
countries, in consultation and coordination with Egypt and Syria, works towards the vision and dream of
boosting Arab National Security under the Damascus Declaration. Kuwait’s Army is an active member of the
Peninsula shield force which is the joint force of the GCC. At the Arab level, Kuwait seeks to enhance and
justify its relations with other Arab states in all fields.
Recent efforts towards the unification of the GCC at all levels have found a proactive advocate in Kuwait.


Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development

In December 1961, was the establishment of the Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development as the
provision and management of financial and technical assistance to developing countries.

The operations of the Fund initially confined to the Arab States in accordance with its Statute.  In the month
of July 1974, extended the fund's activity to include the rest of the developing world, and increased its
capital to become one of KD 200 million to 1000 million Kuwaiti Dinars and in the month of March 1981 a
decision was made of doubling the capital to KD 2000 million. The Minister of Foreign Affairs heads the
Fund's Board of Directors.